In Nature, living and non-living things exist that continue the circle of life. When a new or non-native species of life or non-living thing spontaneously, deliberately, or coercively enters into an ecosystem, either it is accepted and all benefit, or the balance is off and adjustments are made that improve the system, otherwise risk damaging the system.
With Human Economies, the types of production within industries helps shape the present and future living environment for people, dependent on the skill-sets and crafts, worldwide. Typically, an industry is born from an on-going demand for the needs and wants of goods and services. As the needs and wants for new and improved goods and services continue in demand, industries get reborn. In essence, a functional economy as a whole grows and expands from the addition of newer and diverse goods and services, much like in Nature.
In complex economies - like in Nature - it is common practice to produce in-and-of-itself goods and services that serve a purpose. Products and services that are proprietary and specialized, rather than not, in which an unit is created for the purpose it was intended to serve. Typically, these types of products and services meet the demands of the consumer of that living environment.
In Nature, complex ecosystems are efficient, in that, it is able to effectively and timely produce, distribute, consume, and recycle all materials for re-use, leading back to production which restarts the cycle. Nothing in nature gets wasted. In a functional economy, a similar process occurs. But when one of the stages within the cycle gets disrupted, undermined, or perverted, the system won't function properly, resulting in adversely impacting the living and non-living things of the environment(s).